Olga Gurkina, the trichologist at the Lasmed clinic, told BeautyHack why it is important to choose shampoo for the type of scalp, and before prescribing vitamins, you need to be tested.
Chief physician of the Lasmed clinic, dermatologist, laser therapist, trichologist
Can hair be made thicker and thicker?
The amount and thickness of hair is genetically programmed. Light and light brown hair is thinner than dark hair in diameter. In African-American women, they grow very slowly - so genetically. No procedure will help them. Hair dryers are hard to find in Africa, but every store has wigs and hair extensions.
The number of hair follicles is inherent in nature - it is impossible to influence this. In case of a decrease in density during pregnancy (the reason is a change in hormonal levels) after the end of the lactation period, the previous volume can be returned, stimulating the work of the bulbs.
How to deal with hair loss and split ends?
One of the reasons for split ends and loss (norm: up to 150 hairs per day) is pathological processes in the body: disruption of the endocrine system, hormonal imbalance, the appearance of neoplasms. This requires treatment for the disease, not the scalp.
Hair loss is often associated with seasonality - it can be stopped by taking vitamin-mineral complexes or adjusting the diet.
The examination always begins with the collection of anamnesis, where it is determined: what kind of lifestyle a person leads, whether he is exposed to stress, whether he has chronic diseases, what foods prevail in the diet, how he cares for his hair.
A trichoscope is used at the reception. It allows you to assess the condition of the hair follicles and scalp, the number of new hairs and the distance between them.
Sometimes growth disorders and active prolapse is observed only in certain areas - "alopecia areata" (the reasons for its appearance are not fully understood). When diagnosing it, the trichologist is actively working with the problem area.
I actively cooperate with an endocrinologist. If I suspect a pathology, I send for additional examination to related specialists, I prescribe a test and then - therapy.
Mesotherapy helps well against loss - it can also be carried out for prevention. Injection cocktails are selected individually. They are: oxygen, multicomponent, trace element, homeopathic and others. The composition of cocktails often contains substances for growth: zinc, selenium, magnesium, copper, hyaluronic acid, vitamins A, B, C, E, anti-inflammatory ingredients.
Before the procedure, the scalp is treated with an antiseptic solution. The drug is administered by microinjections using the thinnest needle - there is almost no pain. Duration of the procedure: 35-40 minutes.
Do homemade masks help stimulate hair growth?
I am calm about the means that do no harm: kefir, eggs, honey (in the absence of allergies). They can have a positive effect on the scalp (with the right selection), but they will not affect hair growth!
Anything that can disrupt the balance of the lipid barrier, dry out the dermis, making it vulnerable to bacterial agents, is prohibited to apply: mustard, red pepper, alcohol tinctures and others. Homemade masks can be dangerous and it is best to consult a specialist before using them.
What foods stimulate hair growth?
I'm not sure that the vegetables and fruits sold in our supermarkets contain vitamins and minerals that stimulate the work of hair follicles. I am a proponent of dietary supplements. To select them correctly, you need to pass an analysis for the mineral composition of the hair. According to the results of the study, it is clear whether there are heavy metals in the body (leading to dysfunction of internal systems and organs) and what elements are missing.
How do you feel about using oils?
The oils improve the quality of the hair, making it smooth and manageable. But if it is, for example, argan, rich in tocopherols, carotene and unsaturated fatty acids, it needs to be bought in the country where argan grows - Morocco - only then it is effective.
Use oils on the lower third of your hair. Application to the scalp is the cause of oily.
Does shampoo affect hair growth and how to choose it correctly?
The function of the shampoo is to remove excess sebum, styling residues, dust and other impurities. It contains surfactants that remove them from the skin.
If the packaging says "stimulates hair growth", don't expect miracles - shampoo won't do it. The only factor to consider when choosing a cleanser: scalp type. The concentration of the detergent ingredients depends on this. The wrong shampoo is the cause of dryness and dandruff.
Text: Natalia Kapitsa