30 Facts You Need To Know About Hyaluronic Acid

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Video: 30 Facts You Need To Know About Hyaluronic Acid

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Video: Hyaluronic Acid What the Beauty Industry Doesn't Want You to Know 2023, February
30 Facts You Need To Know About Hyaluronic Acid
30 Facts You Need To Know About Hyaluronic Acid
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Is it possible to correct the oval of the face with hyaluronic acid, how to determine what is lacking in the body, and why creams can never replace injections? These and other questions are answered by dermatocosmetologists at the Maria Shirshakova Clinic of Aesthetic Medicine.

avatar Gulnara Amanbaeva (@ amanbaeva.gulnara)
avatar Gulnara Amanbaeva (@ amanbaeva.gulnara)

Gulnara Amanbaeva (@ amanbaeva.gulnara)

Dermatocosmetologist

For the first time veterinarians started talking about hyaluronic acid

This is true - and for the first time it happened back in 1934. It was the veterinarians who discovered the new substance in the bovine eye and began to study its properties, and only then the discovery was picked up by other medical scientists. Research did not stop, and starting from the 70s of the last century, their intensity began to increase, and now we can safely assume that hyaluronic acid is at the peak of its popularity.

Hyaluronic acid is found in our skin

More precisely, it is produced by the cells of our body. In the skin, hyaluronic acid fills the voids between collagen and elastin fibers, preventing wrinkles from forming. Thanks to her, the skin becomes firm and smooth. But there can be several reasons for the breakdown of hyaluronic acid: damage to the skin by ultraviolet light, aging, unbalanced diet and bad habits.

Hyaluronic acid is found in bones, joints and other tissues of the human body

Yes, it is constantly present in the joints, which is why they are so flexible and mobile. In cartilage, it increases their stability and wear resistance, and in the eyeball it maintains the normal state of the vitreous body.

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One hyaluronic acid molecule can hold 500 water molecules

Hyaluronic acid can be compared to a sponge, because its main role is to bind and retain water in the cells of the body. It has the highest viscosity comparable to that of a gel.

Hyaluronic acid comes in different origins

Yes, there is also animal origin, but hyaluronic acid synthesized in laboratories is still better. And therefore, it is she who is used in modern drugs to eliminate the risk of side effects in the form of allergic reactions.

Hyaluronic acid can be composed of small and large molecules

The smaller the hyaluronic acid molecule, the better it holds water. In order to stimulate the synthesis of its own hyaluronic acid, it is necessary to use its low molecular structure. The same rule applies to areas that are prone to swelling - for example, the area around the eyes. But the high molecular weight acid will not penetrate the skin - it lies on it with a film, and there is no effect from this.

There are dietary supplements with hyaluronic acid

Yes, they exist and work very well in complex therapy. But you need to take them for at least six months. Of course, a lot depends on the composition and quality of the dietary supplement, so the ideal option is to choose a supplement together with a dermatocosmetologist.

When taking hyaluronic acid inside, the effect will not be noticeable immediately

To see the effect of taking hyaluronic acid in capsule form, at least six months must pass - this is a long process. Much depends on the quality of the supplement and how strong the hyaluronic acid deficiency is in the body. When taking dietary supplements, hyaluronic acid will first of all enter the joints, ligaments, and only at the end it will enter the skin.

Lack of hyaluronic acid in the body can be determined by symptoms

More precisely, according to the degree of dryness of the skin. And also - by the number of wrinkles formed during facial expressions. It's easy to check - just gather your face skin in a fold and see how quickly it straightens out. With a deficiency of hyaluronic acid, the degree of skin elasticity decreases, and joint dysfunction may also occur.

Hyaluronic acid is injected to fill wrinkles

This applies to absolutely any wrinkles, but it is important to understand that hyaluronic acid alone will not cope with them. It is also used for volumetric face correction, that is, to change the volume and geometry of the face.

avatar Daria Ermalyuk (@ermalyukdasha)
avatar Daria Ermalyuk (@ermalyukdasha)

Daria Ermalyuk (@ermalyukdasha)

Dermatocosmetologist

The effect of hyaluronic acid injections lasts differently for everyone

If we are talking about hyaluronic acid, which is used for contouring, then such gels are of high and low viscosity. The choice of a specific filler is determined by what needs to be done. So, for fine wrinkles, we select a soft gel that is injected shallowly - accordingly, the effect after the procedure will last up to 6-8 months. And for deep folds or in areas where there is a lack of volume - the gel is selected more viscous, and in this case the duration of the effect is from 8 months to 1.5-2 years. If we are talking about biorevitalization, where the concentration of hyaluronic acid is less, and it is administered by a course, then the effect lasts from 6 to 8 months.

Everything is very individual - the anamnesis, the patient's lifestyle and age are taken into account.

During the injection, hyaluronic acid is injected to a depth of 6 millimeters

Yes, there is subcutaneous fat, and at this depth we use hyaluronic acid fillers to replenish the lost volume.

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Hyaluronic acid is also used for contour correction

For this, the same fillers are used - filler preparations that correct various aesthetic defects. The introduction of these drugs into the subcutaneous layer allows you to smooth wrinkles, tighten the oval of the face, change the shape of the cheekbones and nose.

With the help of hyaluronic acid, you can reshape the lips

Not only to change the shape, but also to correct the asymmetry, to correct the drooping of the corners of the mouth, to augment the lips using the “natural lips” technique, or to make lips like Angelina Jolie's. It all depends on the wishes of the patient.

Hyaluronic acid is not hypoallergenic

Individual intolerance to synthetic hyaluronic acid is an extremely rare situation. The preparations of the first generations were made from organic tissues - rooster combs, as well as vitreous bodies of the eyes of cattle. Even with a very thorough purification, it was impossible to remove all protein and lipid compounds, as well as other impurities from the obtained extract, therefore such preparations quite often became the cause of undesirable reactions in patients.

Modern hyaluronic acid for use in cosmetology is synthesized from a wheat substrate using special bacteria, which minimizes the likelihood of allergies, although it does not completely exclude it.

The real cause of the problem in this case is foreign substances that enter the body with injections (if the proper level of antiseptics is not observed), as well as asepsis used before the injection session. This situation occurs much more often than individual intolerance to hyaluronic acid, and it can be assumed and prevented in advance.

Addiction may cause the skin to stop producing hyaluronic acid on its own

It is a myth. Hyaluronic acid injections are not addictive, but only make up for the lack of hyaluronic acid in the body. As we age, our cells begin to produce less and less acid. Outwardly, this is manifested by sagging skin, its dryness, creases, and the appearance of wrinkles. By correcting shortcomings, we return the lost.

Hyaluronic acid is not absorbed into the skin from cosmetics

But this is true. Hyaluronic acid is a very large molecule, so it cannot penetrate deep into the skin through a regular cream. The maximum effect can be achieved only with the help of microinjections.

Hyaluronic acid cosmetics can cause a feeling of tightness

Yes, it creates a film on the skin without penetrating inside, and this may cause a feeling of tightness. It is worth looking at the composition and giving preference to products from cosmeceutical lines: they provide complete care and have a weak composition. These are professional skin care products sold in specialized clinics. The doctor should select such funds, based on the condition of the skin, the age of the patient and his individual characteristics.

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Hyaluronic acid is also present in acne products

Yes, these creams may contain hyaluronic acid. Acne is a violation of the lipid balance of the skin, but one must understand that there will be no result from creams with hyaluronic acid.

Hyaluronic acid injections can be replaced with home use of a mesoscooter and serum

It is better not to carry out this procedure at home: as a doctor, I strongly advise against doing this. The mesoscooter is equipped with needles that damage the skin. Such a manipulation can only be carried out in a sterile room. Serums, peptides and other active substances must also be selected by a doctor. The products must be certified and not cause allergies.

avatar Elena Dobrogorskaya (@ dr.dobrogorskaya)
avatar Elena Dobrogorskaya (@ dr.dobrogorskaya)

Elena Dobrogorskaya (@ dr.dobrogorskaya)

Dermatocosmetologist

Hyaluronic acid injections may have side effects

There can be an allergic reaction to any injected drug, and hyaluronic acid is no exception. The risk is very small, since modern cosmetic products use non-animal hyaluronic acid, which has been thoroughly cleaned from pyrogenic components. The most common side effect in cosmetology is hematoma, because the blood supply to the face is very active, and drugs with HA are most often injected using needles.

Edema is possible - this may be due to the wrong choice of the drug or a violation of the injection technique, as well as with an individual reaction - alas, the latter factor is very unpredictable. With the introduction of fillers based on HA, the most formidable complication is thrombosis of large vessels, which is why it is so important that the contouring procedures are carried out by a person with a higher medical education and good knowledge of anatomy. Alas, sometimes this happens even if all the rules and regulations are followed, since the anatomy is very variable. Fortunately for us, there is an enzyme - hyaluronidase, which breaks down the filler based on HA, so with timely treatment, almost any problem is reversible.

A number of recommendations must be followed before injection

Ideally: do not take alcohol 24 hours before injections, do not engage in active physical activity 6-7 hours before the procedure, stop taking blood thinners (aspirin, citramon, cardio magnesium, and so on) 3 days before the procedure. In case of excessive fragility of blood vessels and frequently forming bruises, start taking Dicinon within 3 days. If the patient has frequent exacerbations of herpesvirus infection, and the correction is carried out in the perioral region, antiherpesviral drugs (Acyclovir, Famvir, Valtrex) should be taken on the day of the procedure and another 3 days after.

With pronounced age-related changes in the face, injections of hyaluronic acid may be ineffective

The effect will be in any case, but not as pronounced as if the patient turns at a younger age. As in any field of medicine, in cosmetology it is much easier to prevent a problem than to cure it.

Hyaluronic acid injections are non-addictive

No, hyaluronic acid is not addictive. Neither HA fillers nor biorevitalizants have withdrawal symptoms. They simply make up for the lack of HA in the body (in the case of fillers, the lack of tissue volume, move tissues). The problem is that as soon as HA is completely biodegraded (removed from the tissues), age-related changes will return. Alas, a drug has not yet been invented that will once and for all correct the quality of the skin and the architecture of the face.

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Injections have contraindications

These are general contraindications for most invasive procedures: pregnancy, breastfeeding, severe somatic diseases, infectious processes in the area of ​​injections, oncological diseases, increased body temperature, and keloid scarring.

It is also worthwhile to inject HA with caution in patients with chronic tonsillitis, frequent tonsillitis, and other diseases associated with beta-hemolytic streptococcus A. This is due to the peculiarity of HA synthesis. At the same time, HA can be safely used in serums and creams for all these patients.

You can also fill the lack of hyaluronic acid with the help of food

Stimulation is doubtful. But there are products containing hyaluronic acid. Most of it (as well as collagen, by the way) is in meat and poultry jellied meat, in cartilage, ears, tails. There is also a fairly large amount of hyaluronic acid present in soybeans and soy products. It is believed that the trace elements contained in red wine can stimulate the synthesis of HA, which is highly doubtful, since for this this drink will have to be consumed in doses bordering on alcoholism.

Hyaluronic acid is used for hair care

High molecular weight hyaluronic acid is able to envelop the hair, creating a film on it that prevents damage. But in my opinion, preparations with keratin and ceramides are more effective and physiological. But for the treatment of the scalp, you can use HA in the form of injections, but only in cocktails with vitamins and trace elements.

Hyaluronic acid creams cannot be used in winter

Hyaluronic acid creams, like serums, can be used at any time of the year. It is important to remember that in winter any cream, especially moisturizing cream, should be applied to the face at least 30 minutes, and preferably an hour before going out. Well, a lot depends on the quality of the components of this cream. HA injections in winter are a salvation for the skin dried out by the heating season and temperature drops.

Hyaluronic acid injections are more effective than serums

Roughly speaking, the skin consists of two layers: the epidermis (surface) and the dermis (deep layer), between them there is a septum - the basement membrane. So, topical products and injections work on different layers. Therefore, the statement is which is better, a cream or a syringe? - fundamentally wrong! For skin health, you need both. Often, at a young age, we can do only with creams and serums, since its own HA is still synthesized in the dermis, but with age (after 30-35 years), HA synthesis practically stops and we have to resort to creating a depot using injections.

Hyaluronic acid is not only an anti-aging ingredient

The introduction of hyaluronic acid, like any other drug, should be carried out strictly according to indications. We are not treating age, we are treating the patient. There are situations when young skin needs external support, in particular, the introduction of hyaluronic acid. But there are practically no situations when a 40+ girl doesn't need her!

Text: Anastasia Speranskaya

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