Without hats and sunglasses - but with red skin and white traces from a swimsuit: these stars have definitely forgotten about the dangers of ultraviolet radiation. Dermatologist Angelika Uzhva told BeautyHack why it is necessary to choose products with maximum protection and for whom sunbathing is contraindicated.
Dermatovenereologist of the Clinic of German Medical Technologies GMTClinic
Sunbathing, like everything in our life, is good in moderation. To prevent sunburn from causing serious illness or burns, it is important to follow simple rules:
Rule # 1: Use High SPF Sunscreen
Before sunbathing, or just an hour before going out into the sun, apply sunscreen with SPF 50+. It doesn't matter if you are blonde or dark-skinned brunette - absolutely all skin types are subject to photoinduced skin aging.
There are six of them:
- Celtic (very light skin with freckles or moles, red or blonde hair);
- Nordic (dry pale skin, light brown or light brown hair);
- dark European (slightly dark skin and brown or black hair);
- Mediterranean (dark skin, dark hair and eyes);
- Indonesian and African American (very dark skin color, dark hair and eyes).
Of course, the first two types are more vulnerable to the sun, since their skin is more sensitive to ultraviolet radiation, but the result is the same for all: hyperkeratosis, hyperpigmentation, wrinkles and rosacea.
Blondes are more sensitive to the sun - they start to blush, which is a sign of an inflammatory reaction. And only then does a golden tint of tan appear on their skin.
Rule # 2: monitor the composition of sunscreens
In fact, tanning is a protective reaction of the skin to the destructive effects of ultraviolet rays, so products with SPF should be with a high degree of protection, but you also need to pay attention to the components. Quality sunscreens contain both physical and chemical filters in their formulations.
But what shouldn't be in your sunscreen is alcohol and parabens, but antioxidants are welcome. For owners of sensitive and dry skin, creamy textures are most suitable, and for oily skin, the non-comedogenicity of the product should be taken into account and a lighter formula in the form of an emulsion should be chosen.
Rule # 3: sunbathe at the right time
To maintain the proper level of vitamin D in the body, it is enough to expose your face and hands to the sun for 5-15 minutes two to three times a week during the summer season. The time of day also matters: sunbathe in the morning hours - until 10-11 am, or in the afternoon - after 4:00 pm.
You need to understand that the concept of “long-lasting tanning” does not exist - as soon as your skin stops being exposed to ultraviolet radiation, melanin stops being produced, and the skin gradually returns to its natural shade. But the good news is that brunettes tend to last longer.
Instead of prolonging the effect, it is better to properly prepare the skin for tanning - I recommend nutraceuticals in capsule and beverage form. They not only stimulate melanin synthesis, but also protect the skin from the harmful and destructive effects of ultraviolet rays. Peeling can be done in advance, but it will only give a cosmetic effect and will allow the tan to lie more evenly.
Rule number 4: remember about contraindications
It is not recommended to sunbathe for persons with an allergic reaction to the sun, as well as for patients taking various pharmaceutical preparations that cause photosensitivity.
Sunbathing is strictly contraindicated for people who are prone to the manifestation of herpes infection, and even more so for those suffering from oncological diseases. And if you have moles on your body, first consult with a dermato-oncologist, who will determine the degree of risk of exposure to the sun and give all the necessary recommendations.
Most celebrities know about the dangers of sunburn and do not leave the house without sunscreen, but there are still bronze skin lovers in Hollywood who forget about the importance of hats and glasses:
Text: Anastasia Speranskaya