the founders of the FoodyFit® project Nastya Nova and Lesya Volkhonskaya - about what sugar substitutes are and who really needs them.
Nastya Nova, Lesya Volkhonskaya
founders of the FoodyFit® project
The need to consume sugar substitutes is due to the presence of diabetes mellitus and other diseases. Otherwise, the risk of gaining extra pounds increases.
Sweeteners are divided into natural and synthetic. Natural include fructose and stevia.
Fructose is a natural, fruit sugar that can be obtained from honey or fruits.
Natural sweeteners are almost entirely carbohydrate and do not cause insulin spikes. Therefore, they can be used for diabetes.
Since natural sweeteners almost do not differ in calorie content from sugar, it will not work to lose weight by using them.
Synthetic sweeteners are saccharin. Due to the reaction of the taste buds of the tongue, they are able to induce a nervous impulse of sweetness.
Synthetic sweeteners do not increase blood glucose levels, are not absorbed in the human body, but simply act on the taste buds.
Getting from the blood to the liver, glucose is deposited in the form of glycogen: this is one of the necessary moments of saturation of the body. When the liver runs out of glycogen, we feel hungry, when glycogen accumulates in the liver, we are full.
Thus, synthetic sweeteners, creating the illusion of replacing sugar, do not help the body to achieve satiety. Glucose does not enter the bloodstream, as a result, you want to eat more often. It can be concluded that it is inexpedient to have sugar substitutes in the diet without a doctor's recommendation.